On November 13, 1947, Britain announced it will withdraw from Palestine in May 15, 1948, and the responsibility of Palestine would be handed back to the UN. On November 29, 1947, the General Assembly of the UN voted for the partition of Palestine and accepted Resolution 181 which called for the partition of Palestine into two states: a Jewish one with 498000 Jewish resident- though the Jews owe only 9.38% of the land area of that Jewish state- and an Arab one with 407000 Arab residents.
The Palestinian people was shocked by the UN resolution and did not accept it, thus; it started to buy weapons despite the fact that the British tied to stop them. Many defending fronts were established such as the Rescue Army, Palestine Rescue Army and the Army of the Holy War under the leadership of Abdul Qader al Husaini.
Battles started between the English along with the Zionists against the Arabs in Palestine. In 1948, the Muslim brotherhood sent 3 troops of volunteers to fight in Palestine. Two weeks before May 15, 1948– Nakba Day- the Arab League decided that the regular Arab armies will fight with Palestine against the British and Zionists.
On May 15, 1948, Britain withdrew from Palestine and the temporary state council announced the establishment of the state of Israel. Accordingly, the Arab regular armies entered Palestine. On June 11, 1948, the Security Council intervened and imposed two truces- the first on June 11, 1948; it was violated by the Zionists, and the second on July 17, 1948, and after it many Palestinian cities fell into the hands of Zionist troops.
After the end of the 1948 war, the Zionists were able to establish a state for the Jews in 78% of the total area of Palestine. The Palestinian people, on the other hand, were exposed to political and social catastrophe- they were obliged to leave between 1948-1949. Hundred thousands of the Palestinians were forced to leave due to the war and the Zionists terrorist attacks especially on April 9, 1948, the day of Deir Yassin massacre. About 153,000 stayed at their stolen lands, about 1 million in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank and about 300,000 refugees left Palestine.
Prepared by: Fahima Dalloul.
Translation: Haneen Samara