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The Israelites

Children of Israel go back in their origin to Abraham, peace be upon him, while “Israel” refers to Jacob who is later given the name of Israel. Abraham immigrated with his people to the Land of Canaan, but as a result of a severe drought in Canaan, Jacob and Children of Israel moved to Egypt. Then, God sent Moses to Pharaoh once he disbelieved in God. Thus, Moses and Children of Israel left Egypt heading to Palestine after God had destroyed Pharaoh and his soldiers in the sea.

After that, children of Israel have been tempted for 40 years from 1500 to 1460 BC as they refused to follow God’s orders to enter the Holy land and they started worshiping the Golden Calf. They were led by Joshua to the Land of Canaan at a time when he could control 31 cities of Canaan. The period of judgment has started after that and lasted for a century and a half in which 12 judges took the lead and the last one of whom was Samuel. The period of Kings then started and David and Solomon were kings at that time, The First Temple was constructed during Solomon’s rule and he died in 923 BC, and consequently the kingdom was divided into two, Kingdom of Judea and its capital was Jerusalem, and Kingdom of Israel and its capital was Samaria.

After that, the two kingdoms desperately faced a violent lot of Chaldean captivityled by Sargon II destroying Samaria in 722 BC and exiling the Jews. This was followed by Nebuchadnezzar who led the Babylonian captivity resulting in the destruction of Kingdom of Judea and Jerusalem’s temple. Besides, he commenced capturing 40 thousands and taking them to Babylon. Most importantly, the Canaanites and the Palestinians were excluded from being captive, so this proved the continuation of the Canaanites existence in Palestine.

Kadesh II could enter Babylon and destroying it in 539 BC with some help of the Jews. This impelled him to allow them enter Palestine, but the rich group of them stayed in Babylon.

Alexander the Great was able as well to enter Palestine and to beat the Persians and the Jews directly professed Loyalty. After his death, his kingdom was divided between Seleucus and Ptolemy and Palestine was a conflict zone. The Seleucid Empire ended that conflict and forced the Jews to believe in heathenism, so that most of them had immigrated to Egypt, yet high rank and rich people, who believed in Hellenism, stayed there.

In 64 BC, the Romans came and the Jews tried many times to revolt, but the Roman emperors could successfully repress their revolutions and it was ended by Hadrian destroying Yerushalayim and their temple, and constructing another city on its ruins, Aelia Capitolina.

It is obvious here that the Jews had often left Palestine and they were not there continuously nor they inhabited all over Palestine, by contrast; the Palestinians and Canaanites were in the west and never left Palestine. Also, they live there before, during the arrival of Children of Israel and after their departure without any detachment.

 

 


 

Trnaslation: Ghada B. Ahmed