David and Solomon
David became the king of Israel and he ruled the country from 1004 to 962 BC. His period of rule was under the control of Palestinians, yet eventually, he conquered them and the other neighboring countries.
He established Jerusalem as the capital after he had conquered the Jebusites, built a palace of stones and cedarwood, and a temple close to it, as well. Leisure time that was overwhelming in Egypt and Assyria helped David to construct his country without paying any attention to defend it for there was no need.
David died in 962 BC and Solomon, peace be upon him, ruled after him. God subjected the Jinn and the wind to Solomon in order to refurbish the earth and for the benefit of the people. At his time, the construction, trading, and industry were so active and he was credited as the construction of the First Temple in Jerusalem (Solomon’s Temple).
- Kingdom of Judea and Kingdom of Samaria
Solomon’s kingdom, after his death, was torn into two parts during the reign of his son Rehoboam who refused to reduce the taxes his father asked the Jews to pay. As a result, the ten northern tribes rebelled breaking away and forming a separate kingdom, seceded from him, and proclaimed Jeroboam who was from Tribe of Ephraim, their king. Jeroboam fortified Nablus (Shechem), then Samaria as the capital of his kingdom. Only the tribes of Judah and Benjamin were remaining faithful to Rehoboam and established Kingdom of Judah and its capital was Jerusalem.
Prepared by: Riman Abdullah.
Translation: Ghada B. Ahmed