The Golden Age (16th Century)

The golden age is due to the era of the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Suleiman II, known as “Kanuni” (the Lawgiver), reflected positively on the public life ensuring the economic resurgence, security and stability.

In Palestine, as one of the three administrative divisions or provinces the Ottomans established in “the country of Syria”, al-Sham province significantly followed this era during which five sanjaks (districts) were annexed to Palestine: Jerusalem, Gaza, Lajjun, Safed and Nablus while completely three sanjaks were for al-Sham.

The Ottomans kept appointing local princes in Palestine for achieving security and tax levy. Gaza city witnessed a prominent economic recovery. However, at the end of this period, the Ottoman Empire started weakening the role and the status of the leaders and local princes.



Prepared by: Islam al-Zant.

Translation: Ishraq Othman