Abbasid Era and the independent Emirates
Abassid Era had started in 132 AH / 750 AD after the elimination of the Umayyad dynasty upon the murder of Marwan Ibn Hamad in Egypt. Abul `Abbas al-Saffaḥ was the first caliph of the Abbasid caliphate. The abbaasid rule over Palestine continued until the end of the first Abassid period upon the death of Caliph al-Mutawakkil in 247 AH / 861 AD which led to the emergence of independent Emirates which had autonomous rule but with dependency to the Abbasid Caliphate like Tulunid state that ruled Palestine from 264 -292 AH / 878-905AD.
In 358 AH Fatimids had taken Egypt and the Levant from the hands of Abassid Caliphate beginning a new phase of the Palestinian history under the control of Fatimids.
Prepared by: Alaa Hamada. Translation: Taghreed Al Sharawi