The Islamic conquest of Palestine and Al Rashidi Era
The Battle of Ajnadayn was one of the major battles that led to the conquest of Palestine by Khalid ibn al-Walid on the 30th of July close to Beit Guvrin and where about three thousand Roman soldiers were killed. Also, the battle of Fahl that was on 23 January 635 AD (13 AH) . Moreover, The Battle of Yarmouk on 12 August 636 was a decisive battle in which the Islamic forces were about 36 thousands, who were led by Abu Ubaidah ibn al Jarrah and Khalid ibn al-Walid, resulting in the defeat of the Roman army who were, according to some accounts, about 200 thousand soldiers. In the aftermath of battle, omar ibn Al khattab came to Jerusalem and he was given the keys of Jerusalem peacefully. This is known as the “omaria treaty”. Caesarea was the last city to be opened on 19 AH/October 640 AD.
According to the administrative division for the Islamic state during Al Rashidi era, Palestine was considered one of the leading Recruit of the Levant. Most of its people converted to Islam when it comes and became soldiers in the Islamic state, some of them even army commanders. The rule of The Rashidun Caliphate continued till 41 AH /661 AD, then it turned to be in the hands of The Umayyad Caliphate represented by Maawih Ibn Abi Sufyan.
Prepared by: Alaa Hamada. Translation: Taghreed Al Sharawi